It isn’t necessary for you to decide right away which area you would like to specialize in. In most cases, you have until the second year of university to consider the alternatives and even after that, you can still switch. Choosing engineering and later a specific discipline does not mean you are tied to that area for the rest of your life. Engineers learn skills that are transferrable between disciplines, although you may have to take a few extra classes to meet technical requirements. Know that your career path is never set in stone.
If you are a JUNIOR HIGH STUDENT, and are interested in engineering, you need to prepare to take math and science in high school. Figure out what you like to do and keep that spark of interest in science and math alive!
If you are a SENIOR HIGH STUDENT, you need to take the following five grade 12 courses or their equivalents: English 30-1, Math 30-1 or Math 30 Pure, Math 31, Physics 30 and Chemistry 30. Each university has different entrance requirements, so if there is a particular university you are interested in (for location or because they teach the engineering type you like), be sure to check their entrance requirements. Often marks need to be within the 80% or higher level. Start thinking about what you like to do and what University you would like to attend.
If you are a UNIVERSITY STUDENT, know that a degree in engineering or geoscience normally requires at least four years of university education for a Bachelor’s degree. A five-year degree, which includes the equivalent of one year of paid, supervised work experience, is also available at some universities (i.e., co-op or internship programs). If you wish to pursue further graduate studies, you can take a Master’s degree (typically 2 or more years) or a doctorate degree (often termed PhD, this can be either a course based or thesis based and typically takes four years to achieve).